What is a septic system?

A septic system, also known as an on-site sewage system (OSS), stores, treats, and disposes of the things you flush and send down drains. There are many different types of systems. Some are simple, using only a tank and a drainfield, and others are more complex, requiring pumps, filters, or specially designed materials. The term on-site sewage system is used in the state and county code, on permit application forms, and by industry professionals to refer to different types of septic systems.

Show All Answers

1. What is a septic system?
2. Do I have a septic system?
3. How is a septic system sized?
4. How do I maintain my septic system?
5. How often do I need to have my tank inspected and pumped?
6. What things are safe to put down my drain and into my system?
7. Can I put food down my garbage disposal if I have a septic system?
8. How do I know if my septic system needs a repair or if it is failing?
9. What do I do if my system is failing or in need of a repair?
10. How do I obtain a septic system permit?
11. How do I renew my septic application permit?
12. What should I do if I need a septic system and a well?
13. How do I report a septic system problem?
14. How do I clean an indoor sewage spill?
15. Who needs septic as-built information?
16. What information is in an as-built record?
17. Where does septic information on the as-built site come from?
18. What should I do if my as-built record is difficult to read or incorrect, and how do I go about getting my as-built corrected?
19. How do I decommission or abandon my septic system?
20. How do I appeal a decision made by the Health Department regarding my septic system?
21. How do I know when an Environmental Health Specialist from the Health Department will come out to my property?
22. How do I check my application status?
23. What other steps might I need to take during the application and design process?
24. Resources